There are ordinary travels and there are trips of a lifetime that you wish to take in your life before you die. A travel to Machu Picchu is one of those trips. Machu Picchu holds many secrets and mysteries, some of which have never been unraveled. It is a like a trip to a dreamland and the place seems almost surreal only that it is too real.
As if to emphasize its mysterious nature, Machu Picchu is shrouded in some thick cloud of fog with vast pathways and stone stairways that lead to this ancient Inca Sanctuary. The place has been empty since the days of the conquistadores and it almost has a ghostly feel to it. It has been regarded as one of the most famous ruins in the world and it attracts thousands of visitors every year who are fascinated by the history and the attraction of the archaeological site.
The beauty of the site can best be explored from its very summit at the top. Here, you can see the very steep stairways spiraling downwards along ridge towards the main sections of the ancient city. There is an urban sector of the site but when you travel to Machu Picchu, you will also witness the agricultural terraces clinging to the slopes to the south of the archaeological site. From the Western sector of the site, there are the pyramids of the observatory. From this high vantage point, you can witness the vast ruins of this ancient Inca city. It is sheer beauty.
Before the days of the Spanish conquistadores, the Machu Picchu was the city of the Inca royalty and their subjects would stream down long roads to the city to pay homage. It was a kind of refuge for the Inca royalty from the very cold climates of Cusco. Machu Picchu was to the Incur elite what Crimea was to the Russian Czars. It should be noted that at the time of the Inca civilization, Cusco stood as the centre of the Inca Empire which was quite vast, stretching from the today’s Ecuador and covering much of Peru, Bolivia, Central Chile as well as the modern day Argentina.
In spite of its relative vastness, the population of Machu Picchu was quite small at just about 300. When the royalty arrived during the colder climates, this population would triple to about 1000. The ruins were constructed at about 1471 and abandoned sometime in 1530 during the Spanish conquests. The Spanish never destroyed it like they did other Inca shrines and the site lay relatively hidden in the jungles of the Peru until it was discovered in late 19th century by latter day explorers.
When you travel to Machu Picchu, you can explore some of the leading attractions of these ruins including the Temple of the Moon, the Inca masonry of the seats that are carved with exquisite Inca craftsmanship, and even the Mt Machu Picchu. Nearby is the Urubamba River which passes through several mountain ranges.
You will be amazed by the sophisticated water engineering that the Incas deployed in order to supply water in the city including drainage systems. Up to 60% of this archaeological site lies underground forming a labyrinth of walls and drainage systems for the walls and the terraces of this lost sanctuary. You can also explore the Machu Picchu library amongst other attractions.
With the Peru travel packages, you can rediscover the magic of this beautiful retreat of the Inca nobles. Imagine the royals relaxing in their homes, priests in the temples and servants performing various tasks before the arrival of the conquistadores. It is an extraordinarily beautiful place and one that was never discovered by the Spanish, fortunately.